Saturday, June 5, 2010

ECUADOR - Country profile

LOCATION OF ECUADOR IN THE WORLD



MAP OF ECUADOR



FLAG OF ECUADOR



The flag of Ecuador, which consists of horizontal bands of yellow (double width), blue and red, was adopted on September 26, 1860. It is very similar to that of Colombia and Venezuela, which are also former constituent territories of Gran Colombia. All three are based on a proposal by Ecuadorian General Francisco de Miranda, which was adopted by Venezuela in 1811 and later Gran Colombia with some modifications.


NATIONAL ANTHEM OF ECUADOR

video

"¡Salve, Oh Patria!" ("We Salute You, Our Homeland") is the national anthem of Ecuador. The lyrics were written in 1865 by the poet Juan León Mera, under request of the Ecuadorian Senate ; the music was composed by Antonio Neumane. However, the anthem was not officially adopted by the Congress until September 29, 1948.

The anthem consists of a chorus and six verses, of which only the second verse and the chorus (before and after the verse) are sung.


PROFILE OF PANAMA

Official Name:
República del Ecuador
short form: Ecuador
int'l long form: Republic of Ecuador

ISO Country Code: ec

Capital City: Quito (pop. 1.4 million)

Other Cities:
Cuenca, Guayaquil (largest city in Ecuador)

Government:
Republic.
Independence: 24 May 1822 (from Spain).
Constitution: 10 August 1998.

Geography:
Location: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru.
Area: 276,840 sq. km;
Terrain: Jungle east of the Andes, a rich agricultural coastal plain west of the Andes, high-elevation valleys through the mountainous center of the country and an archipelago of volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean.

Climate: Varied, mild year-round in the mountain valleys; tropical, hot and humid in coastal and Amazonian jungle lowlands.

People:
Nationality: Ecuadorian(s).
Population: 13 212 742.
Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Indian and Spanish) 65%, Indigenous 25%, Caucasian and others 7%, African 3%.
Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholic (95%), but religious freedom recognized.
Languages: Spanish (official), indigenous languages, especially Quichua, the Ecuadorian dialect of Quechua.
Literacy: 90%

Natural resources: Petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca), plantains, sugarcane; cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, pork, dairy products; balsa wood; fish, shrimp.

Industries: Petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals.

Currency: US Dollar (USD)



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