Location of VALPARAISO in CHILE
Valparaíso (also called "Valpo" locally) is a city in the center of Chile and one of the country's most important seaports and an increasing cultural center in the Southwest Pacific hemisphere. The city is the capital of the 5th Region. Although Santiago is Chile's official capital, the Parliament House "El Congreso" was established here, in the Valparaiso city.
Valparaíso played an important geopolitical role in the second half of the 19th century, when the city served as a major stopover for ships traveling between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans by crossing the Straits of Magellan. Always a magnet for European immigrants, Valparaíso mushroomed during its golden age, when the city was known by international sailors as “Little San Francisco” and “The Jewel of the Pacific.”
Examples of Valparaíso’s former glory include Latin America’s oldest stock exchange, the continent’s first volunteer fire department, Chile’s first public library, and the oldest Spanish language newspaper in continuous publication in the world. The opening of the Panama Canal and reduction in ship traffic dealt a staggering blow to Valparaíso, though the city has staged an impressive renaissance in recent years.
Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso
Date of inscription : 2003
Private swap - Reference CL001
Bellavista Hill, where the people can stroll around
Valparaiso's open air museum