Friday, July 25, 2008

ITALY - Rome, Forum Romanum at dawn

ITALY stamps

Location of ROME in ITALY

The Forum was the public space in the middle of a Roman city.

A gathering place of great social significance, it was often the scene of diverse activities, including political discussions, meetings, et cetera.

Modelled on the Roman Forum in Rome itself, several smaller or more specialised forums appeared throughout Rome’s archaic history. By the time of the late Republic expansions and refurbishing of the forums of the city had inspired Pompeii Magnus to create the Theatre of Pompey in 55 BC. The Theatre included a massive forum behind the theatre arcades known as the Poticus Pompius. The structure was the forbearer to Julius Caesar's first Imperial forum and the rest to follow. Major forums are to be found in Italy, however are not to be confused with the piazza of the modern town. While similar in use and function, most were created in the Middle Ages and are often not a part of the original city footprint. Forums were a regular part of every Roman province in the Republic and the Empire.

UNESCO World Heritage Site :

Historic Centre of Rome,
the Properties of the Holy See in that City
Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

Date of inscription : 1980

UNESCO brief description :

Founded, according to legend, by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC, Rome was first the centre of the Roman Republic, then of the Roman Empire, and it became the capital of the Christian world in the 4th century. The World Heritage site, extended in 1990 to the walls of Urban VIII, includes some of the major monuments of antiquity such as the Forums, the Mausoleum of Augustus, the Mausoleum of Hadrian, the Pantheon, Trajan’s Column and the Column of Marcus Aurelius, as well as the religious and public buildings of papal Rome.


Postcard sent by Francesca, as "chicca"
Private swap - Reference IT001

Roma, Forum Romanum at dawn
Photograph by Giancarlo Gasponi


Sunday, July 20, 2008


Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List


  • 18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex (1997)
  • Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy (2003)
  • Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia (1998)
  • Archaeological Area of Agrigento (1997)
  • Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (1997)
  • Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites (2000)
  • Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua (1997)
  • Castel del Monte (1996)
  • Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena (1997)
  • Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci (1980)
  • Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula (1998)
  • City of Verona (2000)
  • City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (1994)
  • Costiera Amalfitana (1997)
  • Crespi d'Adda (1995)
  • Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna (1996)
  • Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia (2004)
  • Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta (1995)
  • Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli (2006)
  • Historic Centre of Florence (1982)
  • Historic Centre of Naples (1995)
  • Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura (1980)
  • Historic Centre of San Gimignano (1990)
  • Historic Centre of Siena (1995)
  • Historic Centre of the City of Pienza (1996)
  • Historic Centre of Urbino (1998)
  • Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily) (2002)
  • Mantua and Sabbioneta (2008)
  • Piazza del Duomo, Pisa (1987)
  • Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) (1997)
  • Residences of the Royal House of Savoy (1997)
  • Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes (2008)
  • Rock Drawings in Valcamonica (1979)
  • Su Nuraxi di Barumini (1997)
  • Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica (2005)
  • The Trulli of Alberobello (1996)
  • The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera (1993)
  • Val d'Orcia (2004)
  • Venice and its Lagoon (1987)
  • Villa Adriana (Tivoli) (1999)
  • Villa d'Este, Tivoli (2001)
  • Villa Romana del Casale (1997)


  • Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) (2000)
  • The Dolomites (2009)

Thursday, July 10, 2008

GERMANY - Berlin Cathedral

Location of BERLIN in GERMANY

Berlin Cathedral (German: Berliner Dom) is the colloquial name for the EvangelicalOberpfarr- und Domkirche (English analogously: Supreme Parish and Collegiate Church, literally Supreme Parish and Cathedral Church) in Berlin, Germany. It is the parish church of the Evangelical congregation Gemeinde der Oberpfarr- und Domkirche zu Berlin, a member of the umbrella organisation Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia. Its present building is located on Museum Island in the Mitte borough.

The Berlin Cathedral had never been a cathedral in the actual sense of that term, since Berlin, let alone this Cathedral, had never been the seat of a Catholic bishop. When in 1930 the Holy See for the first time established a Catholic diocese of Berlin, the Berlin Cathedral had long been a Protestant church. St. Hedwig's Cathedral serves as seat of Berlin's Metropolitan bishop. Function and title of bishop, as used in the Evangelical Church in Berlin-BrandenburgSt. Mary's Church, Berlin, being the bishop's domicile church with Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church
(under this name 1945-2003), comprise the Protestant bishop's regular preaching in being the second seat.


Postcard sent by Rainer Theodor
Postcrossing - Reference DE-185221

Berlin Cathedral, in the background the Old National Gallery,
to the right the Spree (aerial photograph)