Wednesday, May 26, 2010

BULGARIA - Country profile

LOCATION OF BULGARIA IN THE WORLD



MAP OF BULGARIA



FLAG OF BULGARIA



The flag of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: знаме на България, zname na Balgariya) is a tricolour consisting of three equal-sized horizontal bands of (from top to bottom) white, green, and red. The flag was first adopted after the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), where Bulgaria gained independence. The national flag at times was charged with the state emblem, especially during the People's Republic of Bulgaria. The current flag was re-established with the 1991 Constitution of Bulgaria and was confirmed in a 1998 law.


NATIONAL ANTHEM OF BULGARIA

video

Mila Rodino ("Мила Родино", translated as "Dear Motherland" or "Dear native land") is the current national anthem of Bulgaria. It is based on the music and text of the song "Gorda Stara Planina" by Tsvetan Radoslavov, written and composed as he left to fight in the Serbo-Bulgarian War in 1885. The anthem was adopted in 1964. The text has been changed numerous times, last in 1990.

Between 1886 and 1944, the Bulgarian national anthem was Shumi Maritsa ("Шуми Марица"); from 1950 to 1964, it was Balgariyo mila, zemya na geroi ("Българийо мила, земя на герои") ; in the brief period between these two, the march "Republiko nasha, zdravey" ("Републико наша, здравей!").



PROFILE OF BULGARIA

Official Name:
Republika Bulgariya
short form: Bulgariya
int'l long form: Republic of Bulgaria
int'l short form: Bulgaria

ISO Country Code: bg

Capital City: Sofia (pop. 1.2 million)

Other Cities: Plovdiv (370 000), Varna (350 000).


Government:
Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: 1908 (from the Ottoman Empire)

Geography:
Location: Southeast Europe
Area: 111 000 sq. km. (42 857 sq. mi.)
Terrain: with large mountainous areas, fertile valleys, plains, coastline along the Black Sea.

Climate: Temperate continental, mild summers and cold, snowy winters.

People:
Nationality: Bulgarian
Population: 7.6 million
Ethnic Groups: Bulgarian 84%, Turkish 10%, Roma 5%.
Religions: Bulgarian Orthodox 83%, Muslim 12%,
Language: Bulgarian
Literacy: 98.6% male: 99.1% female

Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land.

Agriculture products: Vegetables, fruits, tobacco, livestock, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets.

Industries: Electricity, gas and water; food, beverages and tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel.

Exports partners: Italy 13.1%, Germany 11.6%, Turkey 9.3%, Belgium 6.1%, Greece 5.6%, USA 5.3%, France 4.9% (2004)

Imports partners: Germany 15.1%, Italy 10.2%, Russia 7.9%, Greece 7.5%, Turkey 6.9%, France 4.4% (2004)

Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN)

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