MAP OF BULGARIA
FLAG OF BULGARIA
Mila Rodino ("Мила Родино", translated as "Dear Motherland" or "Dear native land") is the current national anthem of Bulgaria. It is based on the music and text of the song "Gorda Stara Planina" by Tsvetan Radoslavov, written and composed as he left to fight in the Serbo-Bulgarian War in 1885. The anthem was adopted in 1964. The text has been changed numerous times, last in 1990.
Between 1886 and 1944, the Bulgarian national anthem was Shumi Maritsa ("Шуми Марица"); from 1950 to 1964, it was Balgariyo mila, zemya na geroi ("Българийо мила, земя на герои") ; in the brief period between these two, the march "Republiko nasha, zdravey" ("Републико наша, здравей!").
PROFILE OF BULGARIA
short form: Bulgariya
int'l long form: Republic of Bulgaria
int'l short form: Bulgaria
ISO Country Code: bg
Capital City: Sofia (pop. 1.2 million)
Other Cities: Plovdiv (370 000), Varna (350 000).
Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: 1908 (from the Ottoman Empire)
Location: Southeast Europe
Area: 111 000 sq. km. (42 857 sq. mi.)
Terrain: with large mountainous areas, fertile valleys, plains, coastline along the Black Sea.
Climate: Temperate continental, mild summers and cold, snowy winters.
Population: 7.6 million
Ethnic Groups: Bulgarian 84%, Turkish 10%, Roma 5%.
Religions: Bulgarian Orthodox 83%, Muslim 12%,
Literacy: 98.6% male: 99.1% female
Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land.
Agriculture products: Vegetables, fruits, tobacco, livestock, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets.
Industries: Electricity, gas and water; food, beverages and tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel.
Exports partners: Italy 13.1%, Germany 11.6%, Turkey 9.3%, Belgium 6.1%, Greece 5.6%, USA 5.3%, France 4.9% (2004)
Imports partners: Germany 15.1%, Italy 10.2%, Russia 7.9%, Greece 7.5%, Turkey 6.9%, France 4.4% (2004)
Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN)