MAP OF BELARUS
FLAG OF BELARUS
The current national flag of Belarus (Belarusian: Сцяг Беларусі, Stsyah Byelarusi) was formally adopted on June 7, 1995, following the result of a referendum voted on by the Belarusian people in the previous month. This new design replaced a historical flag used by the Belarusian People's Republic of 1918, before Belarus became a Soviet Republic, and again after it regained its independence in 1991. The current flag is a modification of the 1951 flag used while the country was a republic of the Soviet Union. Several flags used by government officials and agencies were based on the national flag.
PROFILE OF BELARUS
int'l long form: Republic of Belarus
int'l short form: Belarus
formerly: Belorussia, Byelorussia
ISO Country Code: by
Capital City: Minsk
Other Cities: Baranovichi, Bobruysk, Brest,
Gomel, Grodno, Hrodna, Mogilev, Polotsk, Vitebsk.
Type : Republic
Independence : 25 August 1991 (from Soviet Union).
Location : Eastern Europe.
Area : 207 600 sq. km. (80 100 sq. mi.)
Terrain : Landlocked, generally flat with thick forests, much marshland and fields.
Climate : Cold winters, cool and moist summers, transitional between continental and maritime.
Population: 10 million; urban 72%; rural 28%.
Ethnic groups: Belarusian (81%), Russian (11%), Polish, Ukrainian, other (8%).
Religions: Eastern Orthodox 80%, other (including Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic, Protestant, Autocephalous Orthodox, Jewish, and Muslim) 20%.
Language: Belarusian, Russian (official).
Natural resources : Forests, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay.
Agriculture products : Grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, flax; beef, milk.
Industries : Metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators.
Exports partners : Russia 47%, UK 8.3%, Netherlands 6.7%, Poland 5.3% (2004)
Imports partners : Russia 68.2%, Germany 6.6%, Ukraine 3.3% (2004)
Currency : Belarusian ruble (BYB/BYR)