Saturday, May 8, 2010

AUTRIA - Country profile

LOCATION OF AUSTRIA IN THE WORLD



MAP OF AUSTRIA



FLAG OF AUSTRIA



The flag of Austria has three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red. The Austrian flag is possibly the oldest national flag design in the world. The Danish flag and the Austrian flag are said to be the oldest in use.


NATIONAL ANTHEM OF NETHERLANDS

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Land der Berge, Land am Strome (Land of the mountains, land on the river) is the national anthem of Austria.

Nineteen days before his death on December 5, 1791 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed his last complete work, the "Freimaurerkantate", KV 623. In parts of the edition of this cantata there appeared the "Chain Song" KV623A. To this melody the Austrian National Anthem is sung. The lyrics were written by the writer Paula von Preradović. On October 22, 1946 it was declared Austria's official national anthem.

In 2005, Women's Minister Maria Rauch-Kallat stated her objection to the words 'sons', 'fraternal' and 'Fatherland' in the lyrics and proposed changes.



PROFILE OF AUSTRIA


Official Name: Republik Österreich
short form: Österreich
int'l long form: Federal Republic of Austria
int'l short form: Austria

Capital City: Wien (Vienna) (pop. 1.5 million)

Other Cities:
Bregenz, Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, Salzburg.

Government:
Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated May 1, 1945).

Geography:
Location: Central Europe
Area: 83,145 sq. km. (32,377 sq. mi.) Terrain: Alpine (64%), northern highlands that form part of the Bohemian Massif (10%), lowlands to the east (26%).

Climate: Continental temperate.

People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Austrian(s).
Population: 8 million.
GNI per capita PPP: $ 32 962 (year)
Ethnic groups: Germans 98%, Croats, Slovenes; other recognized minorities include Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, and Roma.
Religions: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Lutheran 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 5.5, no confession 12.0%.
Language: German 92%.
Literacy: 98%.

Natural resources: Iron ore, crude oil, natural gas, timber, tungsten, magnesite, lignite, cement.

Agriculture products: Drains, potatoes, sugar beets, wine, fruit; dairy products, cattle, pigs, poultry; lumber.

Industries: Construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism.

Exports partners: Germany 31.9%, Italy 9.6%, Switzerland 5.2%, USA 4.9%, France 4.8%, UK 4.7% (2003)

Imports partners: Germany 43.2%, Italy 6.7%, Hungary 5.4%, Switzerland 5%, Netherlands 4.2% (2003)

Currency: Euro (EUR)

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