Thursday, September 2, 2010

RUSSIA - St Petersburg : Kriuokov Canal & St Nicholas Naval Cathedral

RUSSIA stamp :



KRYUKOV CANAL runs from the Admiralty Canal by Truda Square to the Fontanka River. 1015 meters long, it was dug from the Neva River to the Moika River in 1719-20 and was named after the contractor Semen Kyukov in 1738 (the section from the Neva to the Admiralty Canal was filled up in 1842). In 1830, it received the common name with the former Nikolsky Canal dug from the Moika River to the Fontanka River in 1782-87 (before 1800, the Poperechny Canal). Granite embankments were constructed in 1801-07 (engineer Ivan Gerard, maker Samson Sukhanov). Six bridges span the canal : Smezhny (the Fontanka Embankment), Staro-Nikolsky (Sadovaya Street), Kashin (Rimsky-Korsakov Avenue), Torgovy (Soyuza Pechatnikov Street), Dekabristov (Dekabristov Street), and Matveevsky (the Moika River). The New Holland complex is located on the right bank of the canal. The composer Eduard Napravnik lived and died in No 6 ; Igor Stravinsky spent time here his younger years. The Mariinsky Theatre is located on the left bank between Dekabristov Street and Souyuza Pechatnikov Street. The poet Vasily Zhukovsky lived here in No 11/43 in 1818 and Modest Mussorgsky in 1865-68. The Documentary Film Studio is located in No 12 (1887, architect Maximilian Messmacher). Number 14 was constructed in Neoclassic style in 1912-14 (architect Sergey Ovsyannikov). The belfry of St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral overlooks the Kryukov Canal. Alexander Suvorov died in No 23 owned by the poet and statesman Duke Dmitry Khvostov on May 6, 1800.


ST. NICHOLAS' NAVAL CATHEDRAL, St. Nicholas Cathedral of Epiphany, located at 1-3 Nikolskaya Square. An architectural monument in the Baroque style. Built in 1753-62 by architect S. I. Chevakinsky on the naval regimental grounds on the site where a wooden church had once stood, the church holds 5,000 people. A separately standing four-tier belfry crowned with a high spire was built in 1755-58. The cross-shaped building of St. Nicholas' Naval Cathedral is decorated with Corinthian columns with clustered tops, moulded window-frames and a wide entablature. The Cathedral is crowned with five gilded cupolas. Balconies with tracery wrought railings add to the dynamic decor of the facade. The St. Nicholas Church with three side-altars is located on the ground floor, and the single-altar Epiphany Church is on the upper level. The 18th century iconostases, carved by I. F. Kanaev and S. Nikulin, have been preserved. The brothers Kolokolnikov painted the icons : Fedot Kolokolnikov in the Upper church, and Mina Kolokolnikov in the Lower church. During consecration, the cathedral was named Naval ; the victories of the Russian Navy were celebrated here. The most revered church treasure was the icon of St. Nicholas, dating to the 17th century, with some of his relics. In 1870, the cathedral established a charitable society with a school, a hospital, an orphanage and a women’s hospice. After October 1917, St. Nicholas' Naval Cathedral continued to be in service and in 1941-99 functioned as the main metropolitan cathedral. It gave its name to Nikolskaya Square, Nikolsky Lane, Nikolsky Market and Nikolsky Bridge. A chapel in the lower tier of the belfry was consecrated in 2000.


Postcard sent by Yulia, as "PrincessYulianna"
Postcrossing - Reference RU004

The Krioukov Canal
The St Nicholas Naval Cathedral of the Epiphany


No comments:

Post a Comment