Friday, July 25, 2008

ITALY - Rome, Forum Romanum at dawn

ITALY stamps

Location of ROME in ITALY

The Forum was the public space in the middle of a Roman city.

A gathering place of great social significance, it was often the scene of diverse activities, including political discussions, meetings, et cetera.

Modelled on the Roman Forum in Rome itself, several smaller or more specialised forums appeared throughout Rome’s archaic history. By the time of the late Republic expansions and refurbishing of the forums of the city had inspired Pompeii Magnus to create the Theatre of Pompey in 55 BC. The Theatre included a massive forum behind the theatre arcades known as the Poticus Pompius. The structure was the forbearer to Julius Caesar's first Imperial forum and the rest to follow. Major forums are to be found in Italy, however are not to be confused with the piazza of the modern town. While similar in use and function, most were created in the Middle Ages and are often not a part of the original city footprint. Forums were a regular part of every Roman province in the Republic and the Empire.

UNESCO World Heritage Site :

Historic Centre of Rome,
the Properties of the Holy See in that City
Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

Date of inscription : 1980

UNESCO brief description :

Founded, according to legend, by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC, Rome was first the centre of the Roman Republic, then of the Roman Empire, and it became the capital of the Christian world in the 4th century. The World Heritage site, extended in 1990 to the walls of Urban VIII, includes some of the major monuments of antiquity such as the Forums, the Mausoleum of Augustus, the Mausoleum of Hadrian, the Pantheon, Trajan’s Column and the Column of Marcus Aurelius, as well as the religious and public buildings of papal Rome.


Postcard sent by Francesca, as "chicca"
Private swap - Reference IT001

Roma, Forum Romanum at dawn
Photograph by Giancarlo Gasponi


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